Oral History Interview with Samuel Flor

Samuel Flor, born in Chernovitz (Chernivtsi, Ukraine), describes experiencing antisemitism, his education, and his career as a composer, musician, and a professor at the university in Chernovitz; life in Chernovitz first under Russian and then under German occupation; why it was impossible to leave and how he and his wife, Gertrude, tried to escape in June 1941 but failed; being part of a brutal roundup of Jewish men and having to bury Jewish men who were machine-gunned to death by Germans near the River Prut; how in October 1941 all Jews had to move into a ghetto; being deported to the Ukraine under terrible conditions, including periodic whippings by both German and Romanian soldiers; a particularly cruel incident involving Jews from Mogilev, Belarus, which involved a forced circular death march and several atrocities committed by Ukrainian peasants; working as a slave laborer in a Chernovitz stone quarry and in Tulchin in a hospital; speaking with Sonderführer Fritz von Rohde about the killing Jews; how the Germans retreated and Mr. and Mrs. Flor hid with about 66 other people in a hole they had dug previously for more than three days until March 15, 1944; how the 300 Jewish survivors tried to cope once the Russian Army came; returning to Chernovitz; how his apartment had been nationalized so he and his wife joined the Czech Army; immigrating to Barranquilla, Colombia and then to the United States; and continuing his musical career.

Date: 03/03/1981
Interviewer: Marian Salkin
Interviewee: Samuel Flor
Language: English
Subject: Antisemitism--Ukraine.
Forced labor.
Hiding places--Ukraine--Chernivtsi.
Holocaust survivors.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Ukraine--Personal narratives.
Mass burials--Ukraine.
Mass murder--Ukraine.
Music teachers.
Quarries and quarrying--Ukraine.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Ukraine.
World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor--Poland.
Men--Personal narratives.
Geographic Name
Barranquilla (Colombia)
Chernivtsi (Ukraine)
Colombia--Emigration and immigration.
Prut River.
Tul'chyn (Ukraine)
Ukraine--History--German occupation, 1941-1944.
United States--Emigration and immigration.
Location: Chernivtsi, Ukraine
Czernowitz GhettoMogilev, Belarus
Permalink: https://hoha.digitalcollections.gratzcollege.edu/item/oral-history-interview-with-samuel-flor/
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