Oral History Interview with Manya Perel
Manya Perel (née Frydman), born in 1924 in Radom, Poland, describes being the youngest of 10 children in a traditional Jewish family; her father’s bakery; her education and Jewish life in Radom; antisemitism and the Przytyk pogrom in 1936; German invasion in 1939; the persecutions and the deportation of younger males to Belzec labor camp in 1941; the establishment of a ghetto in Radom; the collaboration of Volksdeutsche and Ukrainians in brutalities and some help by Jewish police; the “resettlement” of Radom Jews to Treblinka in August 1942 while younger, able-bodied persons were retained for forced labor in factories near Radom; her efforts to hide her five-year-old niece in the barracks of a Majdanek subcamp; being transferred to Majdanek, then Płaszów, and then Auschwitz; conditions in the camps; the harsher conditions in Gundelsdorf in Oberfranken, Germany, where slave laborers were taken as the Russian Army approached; experiencing near starvation in early 1945 during their evacuation to camps Ravensbrück and Rechlin; nearly dying of typhus after liberation; returning to Radom to search for family and finding continued antisemitism there; going to Stuttgart with the help of UNRRA and the Joint Distribution Committee; immigrating to Montreal, Canada in 1948; and moving to Philadelphia, PA in 1958.
Hidden children (Holocaust)--Poland.
Holocaust survivors--United States.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Poland--Personal narratives.
Jewish ghettos--Poland--Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie)
Jewish women in the Holocaust.
Jews--Poland--Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie)
Women concentration camp inmates.
World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities--Poland.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation.
World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor.
World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Poland.
Canada--Emigration and immigration.
Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie, Poland)
United States--Emigration and immigration.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Poland.
Perel, Manya, 1924-
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Gundelsdorf (Concentration camp)
Majdanek (Concentration camp)
Plaszów (Concentration camp)
Ravensbrück (Concentration camp)
Rechlin (Concentration camp)
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.
Majdanek concentration camp
Plaszow concentration camp
Auschwitz concentration camp
Gundelsdorf concentration camp
Ravensbrück concentration camp
Retzow concentration camp