Oral History Interview with Malvina Lebovic
Malvina Lebovic, born in 1920 in Kal'nyk, near Munkac, Czechoslovakia (now Mukacheve, Ukraine); being the oldest of nine children; her father, who was a butcher; how her family was very poor and life was difficult; her father organizing a school for Jewish children because of antisemitism in the local school; how in 1934 her family moved to Karlovy (Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic) hoping for a better life; moving back to Kalni in 1938 after the Anschluss in Austria; the occupation of the Hungarians soon after they moved back; the persecution of Jews; her father and brother being taken to labor camps; how Jews were frequently beaten and food was scarce; the German occupation and the deportation of Jews to Auschwitz in cattle cars; conditions during the journey and arriving at Auschwitz; her mother and younger brother being immediately taken to the gas chambers; living with her two sisters in a barrack then transferred later first to Stutthof and then to Baumgard for hard labor; living in tents and sleeping on straw; contracting typhus along with her two sisters shortly before liberation by the Russians in March 1945; returning to Kalni; getting married and eventually making their way to Israel; and going to the United States after her daughter contracted polio.
|Interviewer:||Josey G. Fisher|
|Subject:||Antisemitism in education--Ukraine.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Ukraine--Personal narratives.
Jewish women in the Holocaust.
Jews--Legal status, laws, etc.--Ukraine.
Jews--Ukraine--Kal'nyk (Zakarpats'ka oblast')
World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Ukraine.
Auschwitz concentration camp
Stutthof concentration camp
Karlovy Vary, Czechia