Oral History Interview with Jacques Lipetz
Jacques Lipetz, born in Antwerp, Belgium in 1932, describes being educated at a Jewish school; his family’s flight through France to Marseille in May 1940; going with his mother and two brothers to Lisbon, Portugal via Spain and his father went via Morocco; sailing to New York, NY in 1941 but not staying because their quota number had not come up yet; booking passage to the Philippines and landing in Manila in May or June 1941; their life as Belgian subjects under Japanese occupation; attending a private school run by the Christian Brothers and his religious education as a Sephardic Jew in a congregation dominated by Ashkenazic German Jews; antisemitic persecution by Filipino students; Japanese cultural attitudes and their treatment of foreigners and natives; how the Japanese brought civilian Jewish internees to High Holiday services; how a Japanese officer helped his brother get his scooter back from a German Nazi family; conditions in Manila towards the end of the war and liberation by Americans; Jewish chaplains holding a Passover Seder for the Jewish community at the Manila racetrack; going with his family to the United States in late 1945; and receiving a permanent visa five years later.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Belgium--Personal narratives.
Jewish children in the Holocaust.
World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Philippines.
World War, 1939-1945--Refugees.
De Panne, Belgium