Oral History Interview with Hans Braun

Hans Braun, born in Hannover, Germany in 1923, describes his family, who were German Sinti (Romanies); being part of a small carnival and traveling around Germany during the summer and living in Bernau in the winter; Nazi persecution beginning in 1939 and having to wear a patch with the letter “Z”; being forced with his father to work for the German army in the armament industry in 1941; being suspected of sabotage after accidentally breaking a machine and escaping arrest by fleeing to his grandfather’s home in Berlin, Germany; being pursued by the Gestapo and going into hiding first with friends in Berlin then with an uncle in Eger and finally with Sintis in Luxemburg who gave him false papers; being arrested and jailed when he returned home but escaping; his subsequent arrests and escapes using disguises and false papers; his final capture and being put on a transport to Auschwitz with other Sinti families; being put into the Birkenau Romani camp where he was reunited with his family; conditions in the Romani camp; his work loading and unloading the dead at the crematorium; being beaten by guards; his entire family dying one by one by either typhus and/or starvation; getting typhus and being experimented on in the hospital barracks; how Dr. Mengele tortured children and used them for his medical experiments; being sent to Flossenbürg labor camp, where he was beaten; being sent on a death march with surviving inmates for four days and nights just before liberation; escaping with two other men and hiding in a village which was defended by the SS; and being liberated by American troops.

Date: 04/21/1985
Interviewer: Hanna Silver
Interviewee: Hans Braun
Language: German
Subject: Badges.
Concentration camp guards.
Concentration camp inmates--Selection process.
Death march survivors.
Death marches.
Forced labor.
Hiding places--Germany.
Hiding places--Luxembourg.
Holocaust survivors.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives.
Human experimentation in medicine--Poland.
Identification cards--Forgeries.
Prisoners--Abuse of.
Romani Genocide, 1939-1945.
Typhus fever.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps.
World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor--Germany.
World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Germany.
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, German.
Men--Personal narratives.
Geographic Name
Berlin (Germany)
Flossenbürg (Germany)
Germany--Social conditions--1933-1945.
Hannover (Germany)
Oświęcim (Poland)
Location: Hanover, Germany
Berlin, Germany
Auschwitz II-Birkenau concentration camp
Flossenbürg concentration camp
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