Oral History Interview with Bertram Kornfeld
Bertram Kornfeld, born in Vienna, Austria in 1925, describes his immigration to the United States in 1938; joining the US Army in February 1944; serving in the 423rd Battalion of the 106th Infantry Division; being captured by German soldiers in Belgium, near Malmedy with his crew during the Battle of the Bulge; being forced to march with many other prisoners for several days to a railroad, where they were crowded into cattle cars; being taken to Koblenz, where the locked cars were left overnight in a railroad yard and being narrowly missed by RAF bombers; arriving at Stalag 4-B, located between Leipzig and Dresden, Germany, in December 1944; the bitter cold, the callous disregard of sick and dying prisoners, and the lack of food and water during the transport; his liberation in April 1945, at which point he had lost 50 pounds; how the Germans observed the Geneva Convention in regard to American and British prisoners, but brutally mistreated the Russians; how the Russian liberators of his camp were drunken and slaughtered the remaining Germans, but befriended the prisoners by baking bread for them; fleeing with some friends and meeting American soldiers in Leipzig; being given rich food, which sickened them and required a brief hospitalization; returning to the US; and being discharged in December 1945.
|Interviewer:||Philip G. Solomon|
|Subject:||Ardennes, Battle of the, 1944-1945.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Austria--Personal narratives.
Prisoners of war.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Western Front.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation.
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American.
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, German.
World War, 1939-1945--Veterans--United States.