Oral History Interview with Anne Dore Russell
Anne Dore Weidemann-Russell, a non-Jew born in Brandenburg, Germany in 1926, describes going to school from 1933 to 1945 in Brandenburg; her father telling her about the experiences of Germans opposed to Hitler; her uncle being sent to Sachsenhausen; hearing about a Jehovah’s Witness who was imprisoned and later killed for his beliefs; a neighbor who had been a Nazi sympathizer and had a mental breakdown after executing Jews as a soldier on the Eastern Front; Kristallnacht and life in Brandenburg under the Nazis; her father, who was a civil servant, losing his position in 1933 because he was a Social Democrat and belonged to the Socialist Party (SPD); her father’s reasons for opposing the Nazi regime; how her father avoided using the “Heil Hitler” salute and secretly listened to the BBC (British Broadcasting Company); learning to be careful in public because of her father’s beliefs; the local police taking her father into protective custody in July 1944 during a roundup of men suspected of involvement in a plot to assassinate Hitler; the behavior of local Nazis near the end of the war; and attending Humbold University in East Berlin and the Free University in West Berlin after the war.
|Interviewee:||Anne Dore Russell|
|Subject:||Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Personal narratives.
Jehovah's Witnesses--Nazi persecution.
Jews--Legal status, laws, etc.--Germany.
World War, 1939-1945--Children--Germany.
World War, 1939-1945--Collaborationists--Germany.
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, German.
World War, 1939-1945--Psychological aspects.
Brandenburg (Brandenburg, Germany)
United States--Emigration and immigration.
Weidemann-Russell, Anne, 1926-