Oral History Interview with Anatole Gorko

Anatole Gorko, born in Łódź, Poland on June 28, 1907, describes his well-to-do Zionist family; working in his father’s spinning factory until 1939, when Germany invaded Poland; fighting in the Polish Army for three weeks; being taken to a prisoner-of-war camp for a few weeks; living with his family in the center of the Łódź Ghetto and life there; working as head cashier for the ghetto stores until August 1944; being deported with his family, including his wife and child, to Auschwitz in cattle cars; being selected with his brother-in-law for work while the rest of the family perished; remaining in Auschwitz for one month, then pretending to be a mechanic and being selected for a camp in Sudetenland, where after two weeks of training he worked on V2 rockets; his sabotage and persuading other workers, including German mechanics, to sabotage the work; working there from September 1944 until May 1945 when the Russians liberated the area; making his way back to Łódź, where he remarried; becoming head of the textile production for Communist Poland, but deciding to leave; smuggling himself and his wife to Munich, Germany, and waiting from 1946 to 1948 to obtain necessary papers to resettle in the United States; and his adjustment to the US.

Date: 08/20/1985
Interviewer: Eileen Steinberg
Interviewee: Anatole Gorko
Language: English
Subject: Concentration camp inmates.
Forced labor.
Holocaust survivors.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives.
Jewish ghettos--Poland--Lódz.
Men--Personal narratives.
Ration cards--Poland.
Textile industry--Poland.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps.
World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Poland.
Lódz (Poland)
Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945.
Sudetenland (Czech Republic)
Gorko, Anatole, 1907-
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Location: Lodz, Poland
Lodz Ghetto
Auschwitz concentration camp
Friedland concentration camp
Munich, Germany
Permalink: https://hoha.digitalcollections.gratzcollege.edu/item/oral-history-interview-with-anatole-gorko/