Oral History Interview with Alex Krasheninnikow
Alex Krasheninnikow, born in Kiev, USSR (now Kiev, Ukraine) in 1934, describes his father, who was a scientist, and his mother, who was an artist; how his parents were Jews but he had no religious education; having a happy childhood; living in a large collective apartment shared with four Soviet families; the German invasion in 1941; being hidden with his family in the attic of Vassily and Ina Baranovski in Darnitsa, Ukraine; exchanging their gold jewelry for food and shelter until November 1943 when their hideout was discovered and their protectors were shot; being sent with his parents by freight car to Brätz (Brójce) concentration camp near Schwiebus, Germany (Świebodzin, Poland); how the guards beat them with clubs and separated men from women; the food shortages, cold barracks, and arduous road building labor; the daily gymnastic regime of forced running for hours; being liberated by the Russian Army in January 1945 and reuniting with his family; returning to Kiev; moving in July 1950 to Munich, Germany illegally; immigrating in December 1950 to Philadelphia, PA, where Alex became a court interpreter; and his study of the accounts in Russian publications that number the Babi Yar killings during 1941-1943 with various figures, from 30,000 to 100,000.
|Subject:||Babi Yar Massacre, Ukraine, 1941.
Child concentration camp inmates.
Concentration camp guards.
Concentration camp inmates--Selection process.
Court interpreting and translating.
Hidden children (Holocaust)--Ukraine.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives.
Jewish children in the Holocaust.
World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Ukraine.
Brätz concentration camp