Oral History Interview with Albert Miller

Albert Miller describes being a sergeant in the 303rd Bomb Group, 358th Squadron of the US First Air Force, stationed in England in 1944; his missions in France; serving his 35th mission on November 21, 1944 as a radio operator gunman when his B17 bomber was shot down near Frankfurt, Germany; landing at Oberursel and facing rock-throwing civilians until German soldiers took him to a Luftwaffe prison for interrogation; refusing to divulge military information; enduring 11 days of solitary confinement then being taken with other prisoners of war in crowded passenger train compartments to Stalag Luft IV at Gross Tychow (now Tychowo, Poland); how as a non-commissioned officer, he did not have to work and could join classes, play ball, and write songs for theatricals; the meager camp diet, which was supplemented by Red Cross packages; being transported in January 1945 by freight train to Barth and the indignities of standing with over 50 men in a cattle car for four days and five nights; the various guards at Stalag 1, some of whom were friendly and others were vicious; POWs salvaging potato peelings from German officers’ garbage; receiving encouragement from BBC news, which they heard on hidden radios and from a Red Cross visit; being liberated by the Russians on May 1, 1945; observing the deteriorated condition of survivors emerging from a concentration camp nearby in Barth; leaving Stalag 1 on May 13; and returning to the United States on June 20, 1945 on the SS General Butner.

Date: 10/14/1994
Interviewer: Philip G. Solomon
Interviewee: Albert Miller
Language: English
Subject: B-17 bomber.
Concentration camp inmates--Recreation.
Prisoner-of-war camps.
Prisoners of war.
Radio operators.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--France.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Western Front.
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American.
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, German.
World War, 1939-1945--Veterans--United States.
Men--Personal narratives.
Location: Germany
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