Oral History Interview with Samuel Sherron

Samuel Sherron was born March 27, 1932 in Skuodas, Lithuania but lived in Schweksna. His father was a merchant. Samuel was educated in both public school and cheder. He lived under Russian occupation from 1940 until the German invasion. He describes the roundup and torture of local Jews by SS troops and Lithuanians. He cites eyewitness accounts of the murder of all remaining Jews, mostly women and children.

Samuel and his father were taken to a labor camp in Heydekrug near Memel, Germany in 1941. He experienced beatings, atrocities and frequent selections. Those selected were shot. In 1943, when he was only 11 years old, they were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau. He describes surviving the initial selection and how inmates built tracks so transports could go directly to the crematoria. He details conditions at Auschwitz, the Appels, the constant hunger, and an encounter with Dr. Mengele. He witnessed sadism and torture. Lithuanian and Ukrainian guards killed Jewish prisoners for sport.
With 5000 non-Polish Jewish volunteers they were sent to Pawiak prison to build barracks and crematoria in what had been the Warsaw Ghetto, as transports of Hungarian and Czech Jews arrived. In the summer of 1944, most of the prisoners from “Camp Warsaw “ were evacuated on a death march to Kovno, then by cattle train to Dachau, with a group of Greek Jews. He mentions eyewitness accounts of mass murders of Jews by Einsatzgruppen under Operation Barbarossa. He went to a labor camp in Mühldorf, Germany to do construction work for the Luftwaffe. In April 1945, the prisoners were put on cattle trains guarded by SS. Intervention by the mayor of Pocking, Bavaria (because American troops were near) kept the Luftwaffe from killing them. Samuel and his father were liberated by America troops in Seeshaupt on April 28, 1945. They were transferred to Munich after some medical treatment.

Date: 12/11/1983
Interviewer: Nora Levin
Interviewee: Samuel Sherron
Language: English
Subject: Child concentration camp inmates.
Children of Holocaust survivors.
Concentration camp guards.
Concentration camp inmates--Selection process.
Construction workers.
Death march survivors.
Death marches.
Forced labor.
Holocaust survivors.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Lithuania--Personal narratives.
Jewish children in the Holocaust.
Mass murder--Lithuania.
Shooting (Execution)
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Lithuania.
World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor.
World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Lithuania.
Men--Personal narratives.
Location: Skuodas, Lithuania
Švėkšna, Lithuania
Heydekrug concentration camp
Auschwitz II-Birkenau concentration camp
Warsaw concentration camp
Kutno, Poland
Dachau concentration camp
Mühldorf concentration camp
Pocking, Germany
Seeshaupt, Germany
Munich, Germany
Permalink: https://hoha.digitalcollections.gratzcollege.edu/item/oral-history-interview-with-samuel-sherron/