Oral History Interview with Rose Fine

Rose Fine, nee Hollendar, was born in Ozorkow, Poland in 1917 to an Orthodox Jewish family. Her father was a shochet. She briefly describes living conditions during the German occupation before and after the establishment of the Ozorkow Ghetto in 1941: health conditions, deportations, and her work in the ghetto hospital where children were put to starve to death. She refers to the behavior of the Volksdeutsche in Ozorkow and her mother’s deportation to Chelmno where she was gassed to death. She witnessed the old and infirm deported in chloroform-filled Panzer trucks in March 1941 as well as the public hanging of 10 Jews. She was transferred to the Lodz Ghetto in 1942 where she worked for Mrs. Rumkowski until she was deported to Auschwitz in August 1944. After one week, following a selection by Dr. Mengele, she was transferred to the Freiberg, Germany air¬ plane factory and later to Mauthausen in Austria, where she was liberated by the Americans in Spring 1945. She describes the birth of a baby girl (both mother and baby survived) just prior to liberation and help by a German farmer.

After liberation Rose stayed briefly in Lodz and Gdansk. She describes life in Gdansk where she got married. She and her husband lived in Munich, Germany for four years where they belonged to Rabbi Leizerowski’s synagogue and she attended the ORT school. She and her husband emigrated to the USA in 1949 with the help of the Joint Distribution Committee. She recounts the story of the hiding of a Torah by a non-Jew of Ozorkow and his giving it to a survivor from Ozorkow to take to Atlanta, Georgia.

Date: 03/10/1982
Interviewer: Josey G. Fisher
Interviewee: Rose Fine
Language: English
Subject: Childbirth.
Holocaust survivors.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Poland--Personal narratives.
Jewish ghettos--Poland--Łódź.
Jewish ghettos--Poland--Ozorków.
Jewish women in the Holocaust.
Women concentration camp inmates.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation.
World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Poland.
World War, 1939-1945--Hospitals--Poland.
Women--Personal narratives.
Freiberg (Germany)
Gdansk (Poland)
Łódź (Poland)
Munich (Germany)
Ozorków (Poland)
Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945.
United States--Emigration and immigration.
Upper Austria (Austria)
Fine, Rose, 1917-
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Freiberg (Concentration camp)
Mauthausen (Concentration camp)
World ORT Union.
Location: Ozorków, Poland
Ozorkow Ghetto
Lodz Ghetto
Auschwitz concentration camp
Freiberg concentration camp
Mauthausen concentration camp
Permalink: https://hoha.digitalcollections.gratzcollege.edu/item/oral-history-interview-with-rose-fine/