Oral History Interview with Dora Langsam

Dora Langsam, born in Brzeziny, Poland on January 1, 1925, describes her Jewish family and keeping kosher; her father, who was a business man and fought with Trumpeldor; her brother serving in the Polish Army; the conditions for Jews after the German invasion in September 1939; how one of her brothers died trying to protect their father from the Germans and one of her sisters with her newborn baby was taken during a selection; staying with the rest of her family in the Brzeziny ghetto from 1940 to the spring of 1942 when the ghetto was closed and the Jewish population was transported to the Łódź ghetto; how her mother and brother were taken away during selections; working with her father in a factory as slave laborers; the conditions in the Łódź ghetto; the liquidation of the ghetto in the summer of 1944; being transported with her father and a sister to Auschwitz; being separated from her father; living with her sister in barracks, supervised by a brutal Czech Kapo; enduring daily Appells (roll calls), selections, hunger, and cold; trying to rescue her sister during a selection and how they both were saved from certain death at the last second by an air raid; being transported with her sister to a labor camp in Neukölln to work in an ammunition factory owned by Krupp; being transferred in 1945 to Ravensbrück, where they received food packages from the American Red Cross; how she and her sister did not get sick like most of the girls because they didn’t eat the non-kosher food; going with her sister on April 24, 1945 to Padborg, Denmark on a convoy organized by Folke Bernadotte; going on to Copenhagen and Malmö, Sweden; how being treated like human beings deeply affected them; the quarantines in Lund then Visingsö (now Jönköpings kommun); working in a sanatorium during the day and attending school at night; staying in Sweden for eight years; getting married her to a survivor from Poland; having a son and a daughter while she was in Sweden; going to the United States on July 6, 1953 with help from HIAS because her husband wanted to raise his children in a free country; and her sister, who still lives in Sweden and is also married to a Holocaust survivor.

Date: 11/30/1994
Interviewer: Edith Millman
Interviewee: Dora Langsam
Language: English
Subject: Concentration camp inmates--Selection process.
Forced labor.
Holocaust survivors--Sweden.
Holocaust survivors--United States.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives.
Jewish ghettos--Poland--Brzeziny (Łódź)
Jewish ghettos--Poland--Łódź.
Jewish women in the Holocaust.
Jews--Legal status, laws, etc.--Poland.
Jews--Persecutions--Poland.
Jews--Poland--Brzeziny (Łódź)
Kapos.
Roll calls.
Sisters.
Women concentration camp inmates.
World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor.
World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Poland.
Women--Personal narratives.
Brzeziny (Łódź, Poland)
Copenhagen (Denmark)
Fürstenberg (Germany)
Jönköpings kommun (Sweden)
Lund (Sweden)
Łódź (Poland)
Malmö (Sweden)
Neukölln (Berlin, Germany)
Padborg (Denmark)
Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945.
United States--Emigration and immigration.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Poland.
Langsam, Dora, 1925-
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Berlin-Neukölln (Concentration camp)
Folke Bernadotteakademin.
Ravensbrück (Concentration camp)
Red Cross and Red Crescent.
Location: Brzeziny, Poland
Brzeziny Ghetto
Lodz Ghetto
Auschwitz concentration camp
Berlin-Neukölln concentration camp
Ravensbrück concentration camp
Denmark
Falun, Sweden
USA
Permalink: https://hoha.digitalcollections.gratzcollege.edu/item/oral-history-interview-with-dora-langsam/
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